November Is Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Awareness Month
This month is designated DM Month. Diabetes Mellitus (DM ) also known as “Sugar Diabetes” is a disorder affecting how the body moves sugar or glucose from the blood into the cells, to be used for energy and other cell processes. Insulin which is produced by an organ called the pancreas usually helps move glucose from the blood to the cells. Diabetes Mellitus type 2, which is mostly found in adults, occurs when there is either a short supply of insulin or the cells are not responding to or are resisting Insulin. This causes chronic elevated Blood Sugar (BS) in the blood, while the cells are lacking it. Destruction of the pancreas can also cause DM.
The Initial symptoms may include increased urination and water drinking, thirst, vaginal and groin yeast infections, Urinary tract infections and vision problems. Weight loss may also occur even if one is eating normal. DM is diagnosed by doing Blood Tests. These may include Fasting Blood Sugar, (FBS), Hemoglobin A1c (A1c) or Blood Sugar checked 2 hours after a meal (PPG). People whose BS are elevated but not to DM levels may have Prediabetes.
Prevention of Diabetes or Prediabetes: DM or Prediabetes are prevented with Healthy lifestyle changes: Physical activity, healthy diet, and weight loss. Diet should be high in fruits and veggies and low in carbohydrates. Medication is sometimes used in Prediabetes to prevent development of Type 2 Diabetes. Obese kids can also develop Type2 DM.
Complication of Diabetes: Diabetes, especially if uncontrolled, can result in complications affecting many organs or systems.
Treatment of Diabetes: DM is not a death sentence. Most people are treated with oral medications, however Insulin is sometimes required, although other non-insulin injectables are now available. Some may even help one lose weight, prevent heart and vascular disease, and Improve kidney function. It is important to be involved in the management of your disease by
TAKE CHARGE OF YOUR HEALTH- IT IS IN YOUR HANDS
Dr. Barbara Entsuah MD. MHSc. Family Medicine
Latest Book: “A woman’s Guide to her body and her total Health”