Health News April 2021
APRIL IS PARKINSON’S DISEASE (PD) AWARENESS MONTH🧠🧠
Hi this is Dr. Barbara and this month we will learn about PD.
One of the famous people with Parkinson’s disease Is Michel J. Fox who was formerly a Hollywood Actor. He developed Parkinson’s at an early age of 29 years and has spent most of his life helping with research into the condition through his foundation. PD is a progressive degenerative brain disease and occurs in about 1% of all adults greater than 60 years. It is a result of loss or death of certain nerve cells that produce a chemical called Dopamine. This is one of the chemicals that transmits messages between nerves. This loss results in a movement disorder (motor symptoms) as well as Non Motor symptoms.
Motor Symptoms 🚶🏾🚶🏾🚶🏾
Tremor, rigidity, soft voice, shuffling or slowing of gait, decreased swinging of arms, a forward leaning posture, and the legs may feel restless or the need to move them. Late problems are balance and uncontrolled sudden movement called Dyskinesia.
Non Motor Symptoms
These are present in most parts of the body from the brain to the sexual organs. Thinking and memory problems may be seen, as well as anxiety, depression and hallucinations (seeing and hearing things). Speech may gradually become soft and in a monotone. The gut is not spared and may present with swallowing difficulties and constipation. Sexual problems include erectile dysfunction in men, with low libido and vaginal pain in women. There are bladder problems, like leakage of urine, poor stream or inability to urinate (obstruction). Sleep problems include insomnia (inability to sleep), and increased daytime sleepiness. Some people may have sensory problems like numbness, tingling, pain, vision problems and decreased sense of smell. With the skin, one of the incredibly early signs of PD before diagnosis is dry scaly skin and moderate amounts of dandruff on the scalp of an individual.
Treatment of Motor symptoms: After the diagnosis is made, the treatment is to control both the motor and nonmotor symptoms. Currently there is no treatment to stop or slow down the nerve cells from dying . A neurologist usually takes care of the patient, but the primary care doctor can take care of a patient between neurologist visits. There are different classes of medications which work to increase the amount of Dopamine or slow down the breakdown of Dopamine in the brain in order to help with the motor symptoms. Apart from medications, Physical therapy, Speech and Occupational therapy, and Rock Steady Boxing will help with movement, flexibility and balance. There are two surgical procedures used to help with some of the motor symptoms; Deep Brain Stimulation and Focused Ultrasound.
Treatment of non-Motor Symptoms: This will depend on the symptom. Medicines may be given for constipation, sleeplessness, memory and thinking problems, depression and anxiety, drooling, pain, fatigue or daytime drowsiness. One has to let a
doctor know of these so they can be treated.
Social networking and Support groups for patients and caregivers are vital and keep one abreast with new treatments while providing support and socialization. Accra for example has a PD support Group which meets once a month. Other regions can also form support groups. To contact PD SUPPORT GROUP CALL: Esinam- 0244144379 or Mary – 0246190619.
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Dr. Barbara Entsuah MD. (Family Medicine Physician, Philanthropist, and Author)